|Geography of Korea|
|The Korean Peninsula with the total area of 222,154 square kilometers, similar in size to that of the U.K. or Romania, is located in Northeast Asia. It extends southward from the eastern end of the Asian continent between latitudes from 33 to 43 degrees North and longitudes from 124 to 131 degrees East. It is roughly 1,000 kilometers long and 216 kilometers wide at its narrowest point. On the north, it is bordered by China and Russia. To the southeast, it juts toward the lower islands of Japan.
Since 1945, as a result of the Cold War, the Korean peninsula has been divided into South Korea and North Korea by a demilitarized Zone, just slightly north of the 38th parallel. South Korea, which is democratic, is also called the Republic of Korea while North Korea, which is communist, is called the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The Republic of Korea occupying its administrative area of 99,392 square kilometers is composed of nine provinces and its capital city is Seoul. As its other major cities, there are Daegu, Gwangju, Busan, Daejeon, Incheon, and Ulsan. In tatal, there are 72 cities and 91 counties in the nine provinces.
About 70 percent of the land is covered with mountains, making the country one of the most mountainous regions in the world. Most rivers in the country have their tributaries in the northern and eastern sides and flow into the West and South Seas. In addition, more than 3,000 islands dot the coastline, particularly concentrated for the most part of the southern coast.
As one of the major rivers in South Korea, there is the Han River often called the "Source of Life". The Han River, which flows through Seoul and Gimpo Plains to the West Sea spanning a total of about 500 kilometers, is the lifeline of Seoul in that the Seoul history has all evolved centering around the Han River basin.
As the largest island in South Korea, Jeju Island is also called Jeju-do in Korean. Jeju-do is an isolated island which is located in the southwest of Korea. It is located 154 kilometers from Mokpo, 304 kilometers from Busan, and 255.1 kilometers from Tsushima of Japan. For many years, Jeju-do has been a popular honeymoon destination among Koreans with the semi-tropical climate, which is very similar to the Hawaiian Islands. Also, Jeju-do is now being a popular vacation spot for many Japanese and Taiwanese.
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